TERMS OF REFERENCE TO ASSESS THE CURRENT CAPACITY OF RWANDA AGRICULTURE SECTOR TO MANAGE THE DESERT LOCUST SWARMING AND ADVISE ON REQUIRED MEASURES TO TAKE TO ANTICIPATE THE DEVASTATING EFFECTS OF THE LOCUSTS.
I. Introduction to KCOA project
The Knowledge Centre for Organic Agriculture in Africa (KCOA) Project, Eastern Africa Hub is in its first phase of implementation for a period of 2 years (2019- 2021) in 4 countries of Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania. It is part of the initiative by the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) through its executing agency GIZ to support a network of regional knowledge hubs for organic farming in Africa. Biovision Africa Trust (BvAT) is the lead coordinating agency of the project in Eastern Africa with a co-hosting arrangement with Participatory Ecological Land Use Management (PELUM) Uganda.
The overall objective of the KCOA project in Africa is to introduce knowledge hubs successfully as an innovative strategy for promoting organic agriculture with actors in the regions of East, West, North and Southern Africa. For Eastern Africa, the overall goal of the project is to ensure that Ecological Organic Agriculture is integrated into the agricultural systems of the countries in Eastern Africa.
The project is based on three main objectives namely:
1) Collecting / preparing of knowledge in organic agriculture
2) Dissemination of knowledge to many users
3) Networking within agricultural value chains.
II. Presentation of ROAM
The Rwanda Organic Agriculture Movement (ROAM) is a local NGO with Legal Personality Certificate No: 84/2014 issued by RGB. ROAM works as a National Umbrella Organization established in 2007 as a result of responding to the need expressed by different stakeholders in the organic sector (producers, farmers, processors, exporters and importers) to have an organized and more focused umbrella organization to spearhead the knowledge and information and catalyse the development and promotion of the organic sector towards finding solutions to different challenges faced by the sector in Rwanda. ROAM strives to increase the application of organic standards, promote certified organic products, increase and strengthen the capacity of the market for fairly traded organic products at local, regional and international levels and to encourage value addition on organic products.
III. Context and Justification
Desert locusts swarming is a recurrent event in Mid East and in North-Eastern Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania). During this decade, the first wave of the pests emerged at the end of 2019 numbering in hundreds of billions, multiplying by a factor of 20 per generation (FAO). The second generation in March and April numbered in the trillions. In 2020, locusts have swarmed in large numbers in dozens of countries, including Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Somalia, Eritrea, India, Pakistan, Iran, Yemen, Oman and Saudi Arabia.
New swarms of desert locusts are threatening the livelihoods of millions of people in the Horn of Africa and Yemen despite a year of control efforts, the United Nations has warned. In January 2021, FAO warns of new swarms that locusts in southern Ethiopia and northern Kenya are spreading further in the eastern Africa region. FAO said the immature swarms have been migrating from the previous locust breeding grounds in eastern Ethiopia and central Somalia and spreading into Ethiopia’s SNNP region and into Kenya’s northern and coastal counties. A few swarms could spread further in Kenya and reach Tanzania, South Sudan and Uganda this January 2021, the FAO warns. Already, the agency says, there are reports of some immature swarms reaching Mwanga district in northeast Tanzania on 8 January.
Locust invasion poses a big threat to food security in the region. Last year, the region saw billions of the insects destroying crops. The UN agency has urged countries affected to take the necessary efforts to survey, control reduce migration and breeding of the insects.
In Rwanda, desert locusts have occurred a long time ago in 1931 and devastated the crops and vegetation. Given the fact also that Rwanda is an East African Country neighbouring Tanzania and Uganda, the two countries at risk, there is a possibility that desert locusts may spread to Rwanda. It is therefore important that the country be prepared to riposte in case of locusts invasion.
ROAM is looking for a qualified national consultant to assess the current capacity of Rwanda agriculture sector to manage the Desert Locust swarming and advise on required measures to take to anticipate the devastating effects of the insects.
IV. Main objective of the study
The overall objective is to assess the current capacity of Rwanda agriculture sector to manage the Desert Locust swarming and to assess the level of information of stakeholders on desert locusts and to advise the government of Rwanda for required measures to take to anticipate the devastating effects of the desert locusts.
IV.1. Specific objectives
- Assess key institutions and key informants within institutions about existing measures to count factor the widespread of locusts.
- To establish the pre-existing indigenous knowledge on the management of desert locusts.
- To assess possibilities of assuring effective control without relying on the use of harmful chemicals.
- To recommend strategies for preparing local farming communities to deal with the possible invasions.
IV.2. Expected output/deliverables
- An inception reporting detailing the understanding of the assignment, methodology, work plan to be employed and tools to be used among other key components
- A detailed well-documented report on the management mechanisms in case of desert locusts’ invasion in Rwanda produced and validated.
- Summarise the report into a leaflet (training material) for organic farmers’ awareness creation.
The assessment will take place for no more than 5 weeks between February 2021 and March 2021.
Qualifications of the Consultant:
- At least a master’s degree or equivalent in agriculture, sociology, development studies, or related social sciences. with proven experience in Ecological Organic Agriculture.
- At least 5 years of experience in conducting that kind of assessment, baseline studies, mid-term and end term assessment/evaluations, impact assessments or similar assignments in agricultural development programmes and projects.
- At least one sample report of a similar assignment conducted in the past three years.
- Detailed curriculum vitae of the consultant(s) to be involved in the assignment, with relevant supporting documents (including detailed work experience, education/degrees, and details of similar assignments)
- Demonstrated ability to assess complex situations to analyse critical issues succinctly and clearly and draw conclusions and recommendations.
- Strong communication skills (excellent command of spoken and written English are a must)
- Strong analytical and interpersonal skills;
- Good capacity to communicate with people having different backgrounds and positions as well as with local and national authorities;
- Being familiar with Rwanda agriculture research and extension system
- Having experience in entomology will be considered as an advantage.
11.Working with a research or academic institute/University in Rwanda will be considered as an advantage.
- Advanced PC skills and sound knowledge of the MS Office;
- A one-page write-up showing why you are most suitable for undertaking the consultancy.
VII. Background Materials:
The KCOA project Various materials will be useful to this task including but not limited to: i. The KCOA Project Document ii. Related documents about desert locust invasion in-country but also across East African countries
VIII. Application Process:
Interested candidates should submit the following:
a) Technical proposal covering the following components:
i. Their understanding of the assignment based on the terms of reference.
ii. Proposedmethodology with appropriate data collection tools and data analysis techniques and sample size determination for conducting the assignment.
iii. Proposed timeframe detailing activities and a work plan.
iv. How the candidate’s previous experience matches the consultancy objectives and their interest for the assignment.
b) Financial proposal showing the total cost of conducting the assessment, breakdown of consultancy costs, travel and other costs linked to this assignment in Rwandan Francs, tax inclusive.
IX. Deadline of submitting proposals:
If you believe you are the right candidate for the above consultancy and can clearly demonstrate your ability to meet the indicated qualifications, then submit the above-mentioned documents to Rwanda Organic Agriculture Movement (ROAM) at email@example.com with the subject heading: Consultancy to assess the current capacity of Rwanda agriculture sector to manage the Desert Locust swarming and to assess the level of information of stakeholders on desert locusts. Deadline for applications is on February 28th, 2021. Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted for further reviews.
Done at Kigali on 22/02/2021.
Rwanda Organic Agriculture Movement.